The vaccine delivered to the dog on time will preserve not only its health, but also prevent a number of diseases in the household. In addition, having spent some time and money on a preventive injection, the owner will protect himself from possible big expenses in the future if the pet suddenly “catches” the infection. In order for the vaccination of the dog to be successful and only have a positive effect on the animal's body, you need to know when and what vaccine to put, and properly prepare your pet for the procedure.
Why vaccination is needed
The vaccine helps the dog develop immunity to a specific infection. It contains fragments of an infectious agent, which, getting into a living organism, causes a corresponding reaction in the form of antibody production. Subsequently, if a pet encounters a similar infection invasion, it will not become ill or the disease will pass in a mild form.
Dangerous diseases of dogs against which compulsory vaccination is carried out:
- enteritis (parvovirus, coronavirus),
- adenoviral infections
- infectious hepatitis
There are also vaccines for lichen, trichophytosis, microsporia.
Types of vaccines for dogs
Based on the active component, vaccines for dogs are divided into attenuated and inactivated. The first are pathogens that are capable of reproduction. However, due to their weakness, they cannot cause the disease itself, but only stimulate the production of antibodies. The inactivated variant is represented by dead microbes. Such vaccinations have a slow and short-term effect, so they need to be reinstalled.
In addition, distinguish between single and multivalent vaccines. In the first case, the composition includes antigens of only one infectious agent. An example of such vaccines is: Biovac-D, Multican-1, EPM, Primodog, Kanivak-CH, Rabizin. The composition of polyvalent drugs includes several infections. These include: Multikan-4 (6.8), Nobivak, Heksakanivak, Vangard-7 and others. Multi-strain preparations, as a rule, are not given to puppies, as they too stress the immune system.
Vaccines can be of domestic and foreign origin. Among the Russian drugs have proven themselves: Hexacanivac, Multican, Wakderm, Polivak. Among the "foreigners" stand out: Nobivak, Eurikan, Vangard, Hexadog. Each of the drugs has its own characteristics and patterns of administration.
Adult Dog Vaccination
Dogs older than one year are supposed to be vaccinated annually: injections are given once at regular intervals. It is allowed to vaccinate four-legged friends from infectious diseases once every 2 or 3 years, but rabies vaccination should be given strictly after 12 months.
If the dog is elderly or elderly, the decision about whether to give an injection or not is made based on its state of health. The vaccine can provoke an exacerbation of chronic pet diseases and weaken the immune system even more. Again, a rabies vaccine should be given anyway. According to the current legislation, the owner can not refuse it.
Vaccinations: the formation of active immunity
There are two types of immunity:
- passive (hereditary), which is transmitted from the mother to the puppy during gestation and feeding,
- active (acquired), formed after vaccination or as a result of an infectious disease.
However, it’s not worth counting that, having had a pain, the dog will become immune to certain viruses and bacteria. Some infections are very difficult and can lead to the death of the animal.
How to vaccinate
In order for the vaccination procedure to have only a positive effect on the dog's body and not lead to complications, some rules must be followed.
- The dog must be completely healthy. Even the slightest malaise, lack of appetite, fatigue and other conditions are a reason for delaying the injection.
- Before vaccination, the pet should be dewormed. It is necessary to give a medicine for worms 14 days before the procedure.
- It is undesirable to vaccinate dogs during tooth changes. A number of drugs have the ability to change the color of tooth enamel.
- Puppies under 8 weeks of age are not recommended to be vaccinated. Early administration of the vaccine will weaken the immunity obtained from breast milk. And since they don’t have their own, puppies can be completely defenseless against infectious diseases.
- In addition to deworming, the dog must be treated from external insects. Processing is also carried out two weeks before vaccination.
- Most vaccines negatively affect the development of the fetus, so if dogs are to be mated, you can not be vaccinated. Between vaccination and viscous must pass at least 12 weeks.
- Vaccination is best on an empty stomach.
- If the dog is prone to an allergic reaction, then previously it can be given an antihistamine. Which one - it is better to consult a doctor.
Do not forget that after vaccination the pet may develop anaphylactic shock, so the first few minutes you need to stay near the veterinary clinic.
When to start vaccinating a puppy
Ideally, if circumstances permit, it is advisable to keep the puppy on suckling feeding for at least 8 weeks. In the early "milky" period, passive immunity is formed, which will protect it for 2-3 months, after which there will be a sharp decrease in the number of maternal antibodies transmitted to the baby with milk.
Up to 8 weeks to vaccinate a puppy is not recommended, because he has not yet fully formed the immune system. The optimal period for the first vaccination is 8-12 weeks, when the amount of antigens begins to rapidly decrease, and the pet's body becomes very susceptible to infections. In special cases, you can vaccinate a puppy in 4-6 weeks, but only if indicated, if there is a high risk of contact with plague and enteritis viruses.
Features of rabies vaccination
Although the overall rabies situation in Russia is favorable, the likelihood of an outbreak of this dangerous disease remains. Russian law requires each owner of a four-legged friend to vaccinate him once a year. If the owner of the dog refuses to give this vaccine to his pet, then he will face administrative punishment.
The law also provides for free rabies vaccination. Such vaccinations are not included in the cost of services, even in private clinics. To give an injection, you can contact the state veterinary clinic. Often, primary comprehensive vaccination against infectious diseases in a state hospital is paid, and further actions according to the scheme will be free. Moreover, if you get a rabies vaccine in such an institution, then the side events will also be held for free. Among them: examination of the animal, anthelmintic therapy, issuing a dog's passport, installing a chip.
What you need to know about vaccination
Viral hepatitis and plague, enteritis, rabies virus are the most dangerous enemies of the dog. And not just a puppy. An adult dog may also become ill. Therefore, it is very important to vaccinate our friends on time. But how do these or other vaccinations work? Do they give a 100% guarantee that your dog will be healthy? Is it true that a rabies vaccine can harm your pet? Below we will try to give answers to these and other questions.
Many people know that as soon as a puppy appears in the house, the first thing you need to take care of vaccinations. In order to understand how important vaccines are, you need to know how they affect the body.
A newborn puppy cannot get an infectious disease, as nature endowed it with passive immunity, transmitted from mother to offspring. This immunity is transmitted to puppies through the placenta, as well as through breast milk during the first days after delivery. If during this period the newborn for some reason does not receive mother's milk, such a puppy is at mortal risk.
By two months, passive immunity begins to weaken gradually, and the puppy must be vaccinated. It is advisable to do this twice in the period from two months to three, since after three months the change of teeth begins. During this period, the puppy's body weakens, and the baby can get sick. After a tooth change - this is usually by 6-7 months - the vaccine must be repeated, then again once a year and then every year. Vaccination of breeding bitches before breeding gives very good results of the immune defense of unborn babies.
If you are an experienced dog breeder, you can vaccinate yourself, and if this is your first dog, it is better to trust an experienced doctor. Here we would recommend contacting a well-established clinic, so you can save your pet from a huge number of "doctors" who have little experience or even have a very vague idea about veterinary medicine. But if you still decide to invite a private doctor, ask to show you the state license that every private practitioner should have. You must also be given a veterinary passport on vaccinations made with the seal of the state veterinary clinic. This may be necessary when traveling outside of your city, as well as at exhibitions. If you do not have a veterinary passport, you may be fined or barred from participating in the exhibition.
In any case, you should deworm your pet one week before the vaccination, because the vaccine can only be administered to a completely healthy dog. It is better if for this purpose you will use drugs designed specifically for dogs. For example, the well-proven Drontal + and Dronzit manufactured by Bayer. The correct dosage of anthelmintics is very important. Such drugs are toxic, therefore, with an insufficient dose, deworming will be wasted, and with an excess puppy can become very poisonous. The treatment of animals against worms cannot be neglected. Parasitic worms cause severe harm to the body of dogs, especially species that parasitize in the intestines (round and flat helminths). Most helminth infections in dogs occur chronically, causing exhaustion, anemia and bloating, slowing the growth and development of puppies. The listed symptoms of the disease are the result of numerous pathogenic actions of worms on the body of dogs. Puppies can become infected in utero or shortly after birth. The elimination of parasites after the use of anthelmintics is not life-long, because over time, re-infection may occur and new parasites will appear in the body of the animal.
The vaccination action stimulates the dog’s immune system. If viruses or bacteria enter the body of a puppy who has not received the vaccine, then they will cause a disease before the body has time to develop the antibodies necessary to fight them. These diseases are often fatal. One way or another, but it is necessary periodically (it depends on the duration of the vaccine) to do repeated vaccinations until old age. Many owners find it unnecessary to vaccinate adult dogs. This is wrong, because the risk of infection persists at any age.
Many doctors and experienced dog breeders argue: which vaccines are better - domestic or imported. It is believed that Russian vaccines are better adapted to local conditions. On the other hand, imported vaccinations are usually easier to carry by the dog and do not cause side effects. So far, no scientific confirmation has been received: who is still right? As an example, we can say that the plague virus is quite homogeneous; vaccines are produced all over the world on the basis of the same strain of the virus.
According to observations of puppies born in our club, we came to the conclusion that both types of vaccinations are tolerated quite easily, without side effects and protect the dog quite well from infectious diseases.
Of the most popular imported vaccines to date, we can recommend you “Nobivak”, “Vangard”, “Hexadog”. Recently, we learned that “Hexadog” was recognized as not a good enough drug, and it is banned in several countries. To find out whether this is so, we turned to the Department of Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor N. A. Slesarenko. She confirmed that in a number of Scandinavian countries "Hexadog" is not really recommended for use, but this happened purely due to market considerations and the quality of the vaccine has nothing to do. But if you still ceased to trust this drug, then you can vaccinate the dog with the Nobivak vaccine, which is an analogue of Hexadog.
Unfortunately, having a vaccination does not give a 100% guarantee that your dog will not get sick. This can happen for many reasons.
If the vaccine is of poor quality and has expired due to improper storage, exposure to too high or too low temperature.
Another reason may be immune deficiency. For example, with metabolic disorders, poor nutrition, the presence of a large number of parasites and tumors. And also, as mentioned above, the lack of breast milk can lead to immune deficiency.
A fairly common cause of failure may be vaccination of the puppy ahead of time specified in the recommendations of the manufacturer. And also if re-vaccination has not been given.
To many dog breeders, the question is, can vaccines be dangerous for a dog? In order to avoid any side effects of vaccination, you need to take precautions before and after vaccination. Firstly, to ensure that the vaccine is not dangerous, you must be sure that the puppy is absolutely healthy. Make sure the puppy has no internal and external parasites. To avoid an allergic reaction, you can give some antihistamine, such as Suprastin, several hours before vaccination. Vaccination is recommended on an empty stomach. Do not wash, do not disturb or overwork the puppy in the days before vaccination. Do not drive him to dog congestion places until at least a week has passed since the second vaccination (there are no restrictions on walking for the time of vaccination for adult animals).
Sometimes a dog becomes infected and becomes ill even after a successful vaccination, but thanks to vaccination, the disease can pass in a mild form. The animal becomes a little lethargic, reluctantly eats, etc. This must beware of the owner and, without wasting time, you need to consult a doctor for advice.
Very often, owners ask: is rabies vaccine dangerous? Not at all. This belief arose due to the use of a domestic vaccine that contains weakened live rabies viruses and sometimes causes side effects. To date, we recommend using multivalent vaccines of foreign production, which, as a rule, simultaneously protect against plague, enteritis, hepatitis, leptospirosis, adenovirus and rabies and do not cause negative reactions.The vaccine is administered subcutaneously and can be used for 3 month old puppies. In principle, if your dog lives in Moscow or in a large other city and does not come into contact with wild animals, the chance of contracting rabies is very small. But in Russia, a large-scale rabies vaccination program is being carried out, and therefore, exhibitions require a certificate of such a vaccination. Only the stamp of the state veterinary clinic is valid.
If you are serious about the prevention of viral infections, you can protect your dog from dangerous, and sometimes fatal, diseases. After all, everyone knows that any disease is easier to prevent than to cure.
What diseases are puppies vaccinated against?
Despite the fact that today many diseases can be cured, in some cases the most effective preventive measures remain - vaccinations. The main diseases against which it is worth vaccinating a dog:
- carnivore plague
- parvovirus enteritis,
If you do not get vaccinated against these diseases, then when infected, the dog will be seriously ill at best, and at worst will die. For rabies, there is no alternative - if clinical signs appear, mortality is 100%. Therefore, this vaccination should not be neglected, even if you are the owner of a room dog.
Contraindications to vaccination
Not all dogs can receive routine vaccinations. Among the contraindications should be noted:
- acute illnesses
- 14 days before and after stopping the ears, tail,
- change of teeth
- planned binding
- severe weakening, exhaustion of the dog's body (for example, after an illness, surgery),
Basic rules for preparing a puppy for vaccination
First of all, all pet owners should remember that the vaccine is not a medicine, and therefore its administration to sick pets will not help.
Vaccinations are given only to healthy dogs. Therefore, before the introduction of the drug, the puppy needs to be examined by a veterinarian with mandatory thermometry.
And in order for vaccination to go smoothly, you need to properly prepare the animal for vaccination and follow all the doctor's recommendations after manipulation:
- a week before the planned vaccination, you need to carefully monitor the condition of the puppy,
- 24 hours after vaccination, monitor the condition of the pet, and if there are any disturbing symptoms, contact your doctor,
- within two weeks after vaccination to limit the contact of the pet with other animals,
- you can walk the dog only on the site near the house, which must be kept clean,
- it is undesirable to feed the animal 3-4 hours before the visit to the veterinarian.
For the first vaccination, it is optimal to invite a veterinarian to your home so as not to expose the puppy to unnecessary stress and risk.
How much does vaccination cost?
The prices of vaccinations for dogs vary depending on many factors:
- vaccine features (manufacturer, composition),
- place of vaccination (at home or in the clinic),
- pricing policy of a veterinary institution (budget, medium, premium, luxury).
For example, an injection at home will cost 500 rubles more than if you bring the pet to the clinic. It will be more costly to instill a dog with an imported complex vaccine than domestic production. On average, the cost of a comprehensive vaccination is about 1,500 rubles.
Deworming: an obligatory stage of preparation for vaccination
Deworming is carried out two to three weeks before vaccination. It is advisable if the drug is recommended by a veterinarian.
Deworming will save the puppy from dangerous parasites that can negatively affect the formation of the immune response.
For the prevention of nematodoses in puppies, Dironet® Junior can be prescribed. It contains an immunomodulator that promotes the regeneration of intestinal tissues damaged by helminths. Also, Dironet® Junior does not reduce immunity, therefore, the waiting period before vaccination is reduced.
Since the drug acts only in the intestine and does not enter the systemic circulation, it has a minimum of contraindications and can be given even to small puppies.
Where it is better to vaccinate
Many owners try to vaccinate a pet at home. On the one hand, the dog feels more confident, which positively affects his health and ability to undergo vaccination. However, there is a danger that the condition of the animal may deteriorate sharply, for example, due to an allergic reaction, anaphylactic shock, and then an ambulance will be needed.
It is best to bring your pet to the clinic, undergo a preliminary examination, put the vaccine in and wait a while. You can walk around the clinic or sit in the car. After making sure that everything is in order with the body's response, you can go home.
Any owner wants to see their pet healthy and cheerful. The key to this condition of the dog is a timely vaccination.
First vaccinations for puppy
From the first minute of birth, the puppy develops maternal (passive) immunity, transmitted to the newborn through colostrum of the mother. In the first months of life, such immunity protects the baby from various diseases, so you can not do any vaccinations, otherwise the reaction of the puppy's body can be unpredictable.
Maternal immunity protects the baby's body from diseases for 2-3 months, then the antigen content in the blood decreases, and the puppy becomes susceptible to many infections.
At the age of 2.5-3 months, the puppies are given the first vaccination.
Vaccination of a puppy gives a guarantee that the pet will not undergo an infectious or viral disease, or will suffer the disease without complications. The immunity developed after vaccination is called active or acquired.
Thanks to the action of the vaccine, special antibodies begin to be produced in the puppy's blood, which have a detrimental effect on pathogenic microorganisms. Active immunity has different durations, from several weeks to several years, and therefore, you have to vaccinate the puppy regularly.
From what age and from what infections vaccination is needed
Before vaccinating a puppy for the first time, you need to make sure that the animal is completely healthy, weakened or depleted, the baby's body will not respond well to the vaccine, as a result of which the animal may die. If there are no problems with the dog’s health, the veterinarian draws up a schedule for vaccinating the animal.
According to the table issued by the doctor, the owner of the puppy will know when to come for vaccination and will not miss a single vaccination of the four-legged pet.
The order of vaccination in puppies by age is as follows:
1. In 2.5-3 monthly puppies are vaccinated against parvovirus enteritis, plague, hepatitis (viral nature), leptospirosis and parainfluenza. After the injection, the animal is prohibited from visiting the street until a stable immunity is formed against these diseases (about 2-3 weeks).
2. At 3-3.5 months of age, vaccination against carnivore plague, leptospirosis, parvovirus, parainfluenza and viral hepatitis is repeated. After secondary vaccination is recommended to withstand 2 week quarantine.
This time is also suitable for initial rabies vaccination, but some puppy owners prefer to vaccinate the dog only at six months of age. Such a deviation from the rules is permissible if the pet does not walk on the street and does not come into contact with other animals.
3. Upon reaching 6 or 7 months puppy's life is spent from rabies if the dog was not vaccinated in 3-3.5 months. Further vaccination against a dangerous viral disease is carried out every year throughout the life of the dog.
5. At the age of 1 year, the puppy again needs an injection against leptospirosis, plague, viral hepatitis, enteritis and parainfluenza. We must not forget about the 2-week quarantine after vaccination.
Adhering to this vaccination schedule, the owner of the animal may not worry about the possibility of infection of the pet with serious diseases.
What diseases need annual vaccination?
An adult dog must be vaccinated annually, but if the animal was taken already in adulthood, and there is no data on vaccinations given to him, vaccination is done in the very near future (provided that the animal is healthy).
Repeated administration of the vaccine to an adult dog is carried out after 1 month and then on schedule (1 time per year). There are situations when an adult animal is vaccinated, and it has been vaccinated not so long ago. Repeated administration of the vaccine can provoke serious complications in the dog, so if the animal is picked up from the street, it is better to analyze the dog’s blood for the presence of antibodies.
Veterinarians recommend vaccinating older dogs once every 3 years, since any vaccination is a serious burden on the body. It is undesirable to vaccinate old dogs with chronic diseases, the only exception is rabies vaccination.
Healthy adult dogs are vaccinated annually against the following diseases:
Parvovirus enteritis. The disease is ubiquitous and kills many dogs. The virus damages the liver, intestines, and pancreas of an animal. Parvovirus is especially dangerous for puppies, as it quickly leads to dehydration and death,
Rabies. A terrible viral disease of all warm-blooded, including humans. As a result of the disease, the central nervous system is destroyed and 100% death occurs. Veterinary legislation in almost all countries requires every dog owner to be vaccinated against a deadly disease every year,
Parainfluenza It is characterized by the inflammatory process of the upper respiratory tract. Parainfluenza does not carry a mortal threat to the animal, but often ends with complications in the form of pneumonia, so the best option to avoid infection is vaccination,
Hepatitis of a viral nature. In young pets, the disease occurs more often in fulminant form and animals often die, in mature dogs, the disease acquires mainly in a chronic form,
Plague of carnivores. Highly contagious disease that is difficult to treat. In most cases of plague infection, a four-legged friend dies from damage to the central nervous system,
Adenovirus. Infectious disease accompanied by an upset digestive function, cough. The disease is dangerous by complications such as dehydration, the development of pneumonia,
Leptospirosis. Infectious disease of many animals, as well as humans. Accompanied by a defeat of the digestive organs, jaundice.
Coronavirus. Another viral infection that causes enteritis in animals.
General vaccination rules and preparation for the procedure
It is impossible to vaccinate newborn puppies and babies who have not reached 2 months of age, due to immunity that has not yet been strengthened, for the other age category of dogs there are mandatory vaccination rules:
1. 2 weeks before the proposed procedure, the dog must be treated for worms. For deworming, many effective drugs have been developed that are suitable not only for adults, but also for puppies.
2. Only a healthy animal is vaccinated. In the case when the four-legged friend is exhausted or sick, the vaccine must be postponed until the pet is completely recovered.
3. Bitch inoculated 1 month before estrus or mating.
4. The vaccine is administered strictly according to the instructions and only by a veterinarian. Mistakes in vaccinating dogs can result in sad consequences for the animal.
5. After the procedure, 2 week quarantine is mandatory. A pet must not be overworked, hypothermia, introduced to other relatives.
6. If the vaccination is scheduled for the first half of the day, feeding the dog is undesirable. Water is allowed in unlimited volume.
7. If vaccination is scheduled for the afternoon, the pet is allowed to feed a little, but on the condition that the food is dietary and light.
8. For many animals, going to the veterinary clinic turns out to be very stressful, which can negatively affect the body after the introduction of the vaccine. To solve this problem is very simple, you just need to invite a veterinarian to your home.
Compliance with the recommended vaccination rules contributes to the formation of stable immunity in the dog, which means protection from dangerous diseases.
When vaccination should not be carried out
Before the animal is vaccinated, it must be shown to an experienced specialist. The doctor will carefully examine the puppy, measure the body temperature, evaluate the general health of the pet.
Vaccination is not carried out if:
- on the eve of admission, the dog was in contact with a sick individual,
- the animal is lethargic, refuses food,
- treatment for worms was not carried out,
- fever, nose dry and hot to the touch.
The presence of at least one of the contraindications listed above prohibits vaccinating the animal, as if the owner of the dog would not want to.
Usually a completely healthy animal tolerates vaccinations without complications, but sometimes after vaccination the following allergic consequences may occur:
1. Strong salivation.
2. Diarrhea and vomiting.
3. An increase in body temperature.
4. The pallor of visible mucous membranes.
5. Shortness of breath.
6. Redness of the skin.
If such signs appear, you should immediately contact the specialist who has vaccinated. A method of treating an allergic reaction is the use of an antihistamine.
In some cases, a seal may form at the injection site. A small cone is not dangerous for the animal and, as a rule, resolves in a short time. But if the seal does not pass for a long time, it has increased in volume and has become hot - this is an occasion for urgent medical attention. These symptoms indicate the development of an inflammatory process in the subcutaneous tissue, and this condition requires only surgical intervention.
Variety of vaccines
Vaccines that protect animals from infectious and viral diseases are divided into 2 groups:
The first - contribute to a stable immunity against a specific disease and reduce the strong load on the animal's body.
Complex (polyvalent) preparations create immunity from several diseases simultaneously, since they contain a complex of antigens. Polyvalent drugs remove the need for several injections at once and reduce stress for the animal. Both those and other types of vaccines have a prolonged (long) effect.
Overview of Popular Vaccines
At the moment, a fairly large number of vaccines of various manufacturers are presented on the market. Consider the most popular of them.
The Dutch manufacturer of vaccines suggests using Nobivak for vaccination. This is a high quality vaccine with a relatively inexpensive cost. There are several varieties of the drug Nobivak.
Protects the animal from diseases such as leptospirosis, parainfluenza, rabies, carnivore plague, infectious hepatitis, parvovirus enteritis. Introduced to puppies from 2.5 months of age and adult dogs. Puppies are vaccinated at 10 weeks, then after 1 month, then annually.
Excludes infection of dogs with leptospirosis. The drug is administered to puppies from 2 months of age, then after 21 days the procedure is repeated again.
The drug is of domestic origin. Polyvalent agent against adenovirus, parvovirus, leptospirosis and infectious hepatitis.
Live vaccine domestic production. It has several types:
Biovac - L (leptospirosis),
Biovac - D (Carnivore Plague),
Biovac - P (parvovirus),
Biovac - DPA (plague, adenovirus, parvovirus, infectious hepatitis),
Biovac - PA (parvovirus enteritis, adenovirus),
Biovac - DPAL (plague, adenovirus, parvovirus, leptospirosis).
Puppy education must be approached with all responsibility. It is important not only to provide the animal with daily walks, good nutrition, love and care, but also to do everything possible so that the pet grows healthy. Timely vaccination will help the dog owner protect his four-legged friend from most serious and dangerous diseases.
Caring for a puppy after vaccination
After any vaccination, it is necessary to organize quarantine for the puppy for two weeks, completely eliminating contacts with other animals. For this period, he should provide good nutrition, normal sleep and, of course, the maximum attention from the owner.
The pet must be protected from drafts and not bathed. Hypothermia can adversely affect the puppy's body, because during this period its immune system is weakened. In addition, you should limit physical activity and not overwork the animal.
During the day after vaccination, the dog may be lethargic. Drowsiness and a slight increase in temperature are a variant of the norm, so the owner should not be scared. You should contact your veterinarian if the above symptoms do not go away within a few days and increase.
In some cases, the period after vaccination can be very difficult, causing serious adverse reactions:
- high temperature
- nervous phenomena
- profuse salivation,
- shortness of breath.
In such situations, you should immediately contact your veterinarian to provide qualified assistance to the animal. It is impossible to hope that everything will pass by itself.
In addition to changes in the general condition, local reactions to the vaccine in the form of a seal at the injection site are quite common. Such a lump usually resolves on its own within a week. You should consult a doctor if it does not pass, it begins to grow and bother the dog.