This breed is not only beautiful and unusual in appearance, but also very affectionate and friendly in nature. They quickly get used to the owner and love to play with children. Another important characteristic - with proper care, pets have virtually no smell.
Abyssinians or rosette pigs are one of the oldest breeds that has been very popular in Europe and America since 1861. It is known that this breed appeared as a result of a mutation of the hair gene, which is why in the next generations special “rosettes” began to be observed in animals (parts of the cover where the hair grows in a circle, leaving one central place). Due to this unusual feature, the breed got its name.
Habitat and habitat
Today, the most common Abyssinian guinea pig can be found in Central and South America. As for Europe and in particular our country, due to difficulties in breeding, these representatives are rarely found among private owners. Their breeding is mainly carried out by amateur clubs and specialized centers.
As mentioned above, Abyssinian pigs are often called rosette. But this is not entirely true, because special breeds of the “rosette” are also present in other breeds, for example, in Peruvian pigs, crosses, etc.
The color of the wool Abyssinians can be both plain and combined. The most common colors are brown, white, golden and chocolate. Adult individuals have a strong body, large eyes, ears hanging down in a wave, and a short, blunt muzzle. The distinctive qualities of the Abyssinian breed include the presence of eight symmetrically located outlets on the body: two on the sides, four on the back of the body and on the head. It is also noteworthy that on the head in the area of the cheeks the hair grows in different directions, forming fluffy "tanks".
Smooth ridges form at the junction points of the outlets, so it seems that the whole body of the pig is covered in small squares. Also, a distinctive feature of the Abyssinians is a rather hard coat, which stands on end. In purebred representatives, the length of the hair is no more than 3.5 centimeters.
Like all other guinea pigs, Abyssinians are quite active, friendly animals. They like to play, frolic, and also trample fresh hay.
Caring for this breed of pigs is extremely simple. In addition to the fact that these representatives are practically odorless and require cleaning the cage only once a week, due to the peculiarities of growth, their coat also does not need special care. It is enough only once a week to comb the pet with a small comb to straighten outlets and remove the fallen hairs.
The advantage of the Abyssinians is good health. They rarely suffer from colds and are not prone to infectious infections. With such a beast, neither children nor adults will be bored. This breed is very playful and curious. Releasing a walk around the apartment, such a pig cannot be left unattended, they run and jump well.
This breed is not picky in food; pigs eat everything that they will be given. However, it is worth remembering that, like other representatives of this genus, their teeth grow very quickly. Solid feed in the feeder is an indispensable part of the daily diet.
Breeding and reproduction
The breed of Abyssinian guinea pigs is characterized by extremely complex breeding. Females are ready to reproduce only after five months. Moreover, as practice shows, the offspring may not always be with a rosette type of coat. There were often cases that when mating Abyssinians, smooth pigs were obtained. This is due to the so-called recessive smooth hair genotype. In addition to the rosette gene, the modifier gene M is important for breeding. But the genetics of this breed has not yet been fully studied. In addition, it is important to note that Abyssinian guinea pigs cannot be crossed with other breeds. In this case, the natural sign is lost, which is already quite difficult to maintain in modern conditions.
The aforementioned difficulties of breeding, as well as a decrease in the popularity of the Abyssinian breed compared to other species, today led to the fact that in our country it is rarely possible to meet a purebred Abyssinian. Their number is sharply reduced in the whole world.
Description and Features
A distinctive feature of abyssinians is a rosette in which long fur is twisted. The number of outlets can reach up to 13-25 pieces. They are usually located symmetrically. The crest formed by them is even and without kinks.
Appearance features include the following:
- A small body, with the right proportions,
- the head is elongated, has the shape of a triangle,
- high density and rigidity of the coat,
- the length of the coat is about 3-3.5 cm. In males it is much harder than in females,
- pronounced hairline along the back,
- a large number of animal colors: from white to black,
- adult growth can reach up to 30 cm,
- small animal size: standard female weight - 0.8-1 kg, male weight - 1-1.2 kg,
- whiskers are mandatory on the muzzle of these pigs, and the fur on the neck forms a characteristic collar.
Abyssinians are very curious rodents, they are constantly running around somewhere and learning something. This breed is the most restless. The age limit can reach 9-10 years. The animals have a good immune system, so they rarely get sick.
A distinctive feature of rosette pigs is their unique character. These creatures are very affectionate, can easily be attached to the owner. It takes very little time to get the pet accustomed to the new environment. If you do not bother him, then he will never bite. The positive features of the character of pigs include the following:
- The ability to be friends with children,
- do not cause allergies in asthmatics and allergy sufferers,
- developed intellectual abilities,
- strong immunity and disease resistance,
- good thin ear. The animal can hear sounds coming from another room.
Thanks to good health, you can hardly visit a veterinarian. To do this, follow the rules of care and maintenance. Give only quality food and fresh hay. The pet must be constantly stroked, and much attention should be paid to it. With good care, a rodent can live long enough.
Rosette pigs exhibit increased activity and injustice. Therefore, determining the presence of the disease is not so difficult. If the animal ceased to leave the cage, lost its appetite and began to abandon its favorite treats, it is worth immediately contacting a specialist. He will make the correct diagnosis and prescribe treatment.
In nature, animals live in a group of 6–9 individuals. In one particular area, they build holes together. Therefore, when keeping a rodent at home, it may manifest pugnacious behavior. If you contain two males in one cage, there is a chance that they will fight. In order for the male to get used to the shared female, you will have to wait at least a month. It is better to take pigs from one litter.
Guinea pig sockets: price and purchase rules
In order to buy a guinea pig rosette, one must refer to trusted sources. These include special nurseries and recommended breeders. The cost of rodents depends on their class. Individuals that are not intended for further breeding cost between 1100-1600 rubles. Others cost much more, their price can reach 2500 rubles.
Care and maintenance
Abyssinian pig is the best choice for keeping in the house. So that the pet does not get sick, it is necessary to properly care for it. If the owner is attentive and caring, then the animal will always be clean, well-fed and healthy.
The size of the cage should not be small so that the pig can move freely. The length of the front and rear walls is at least 1 m. It is better to add various devices to the house:
- Salt and mineral stones necessary to improve digestion and regular grinding of guinea pig teeth,
- a sennik for fresh hay, attached to a certain side of the cage,
- drinker and feeder made of non-toxic materials,
- jogging wheel, climbing ladder,
- special house for storing food stocks and pet rest.
The bottom of the cell as a litter is covered with wood pellets or sawdust. For the toilet, use the angle opposite to the place of feeding. The feeder and drinker are washed every day. The entire cage is completely cleaned once a week.
Hair and Ear Care
The hair of pigs of the rosette breed requires careful and regular care. To remove dirt and dead hair, wipe the skin with a damp cloth. The hair is combed out with a special soft brush. Combs of metal and hard plastic can not be used, because they can scratch the delicate skin of the animal.
Care should also be taken to monitor ear hygiene. To do this, clean them with a clean cotton pad soaked in an antibacterial drug. With the formation of crusts, 1-2 drops of a special solution are instilled into the ears and removed with a cotton swab.
Tooth and Claw Care
Walking outside the cage gives great joy to rosette pigs. At this time, the animals try on the tooth everything that they come across in the way. The teeth of rodents grow all their lives. Uniform grinding of incisors occurs due to the constant gnawing of tree branches. If pets do not have this opportunity, then long teeth will hurt their cheeks. You will have to contact a veterinary clinic for help. While walking around the apartment, the animal may begin to nibble on electric wires. Therefore, it is necessary to raise them above the floor to a certain height so that the rodent does not reach.
The claws of the animal require no less attention. Under natural conditions, their grinding occurs while running and searching for food. In a limited cell space, such an opportunity is difficult to provide. The claws are not erased enough and cause concern to the pig. To avoid this, you need to trim them with special scissors.
Rosy breed pigs have a calm and friendly character. They are affectionate, cheerful, easily tameable. If the owner treats the pet with all affection and care, then the animal is imbued with confidence in him. He not only does not bite his fingers, but even licks in confidence. He loves to sit on his hands, and rumbles when stroking it. When the owner comes to the cage, the pet cheers cheerfully as a greeting. Pigs do not like sudden sounds and sudden movements. This can cause them to panic. Although the animals are very shy, they are quite capable of standing up for themselves.
Ekaterina, 35 years old: “In my opinion, pigs of this breed are best suited for keeping at home. The animal in the first week got used to all members of the family. The Abyssinian loves to be stroked. Ready to sit on my lap for hours. He just loves to eat carrots and cucumbers. Getting along well with other pets. ”
Sofia, 28 years old: “When choosing a family friend, we were guided by the absence of unpleasant odors. In this case, the rosette guinea pig perfectly suited us. She is so cute, calm and completely quiet. For our girl, the best treat is an apple. She eats well, 2-3 times a day. The litter is changed every 10-15 days. My son is still small, but he has already managed to make friends with his beloved. "
Svetlana, 42 years old: “Guinea pigs are the most comfortable animals in terms of care and maintenance. My "outlet" in a few days got used to everyone. Now she easily jumps to her knees to be stroked. Eats almost everything that they give. Get along well with the little hamster. Sometimes they even sleep together. ”
Julia, 30 years: “The best feature of such rodents is the absence of an unpleasant odor. Abyssinians are very beautiful, thanks to their outlets. Our girl is calm. Eats fresh hay, loves apples and cabbage. I have never bitten for all the time I live in the house. We remove the cage once a week. "
These pigs are popularly called "rosettes" for their interesting appearance. In fact, the official name of the breed is the Abyssinian guinea pig. This is she from the most ancient breeds of rodents. The first representative appeared in England in the 1850s. Since then, these animals have spread around the world as their favorite pets.
The reason for the appearance of characteristic curls was the mutation of the gene responsible for the density and structure of the coat. The process was not dangerous for individuals and only fueled the interest of breeders in these rodents.
Interesting! The progenitors of modern rosette pigs lived in South America. The historian believes that some peoples used these rodents for food and used as sacrifices.
Abyssinian red guinea pig
The standard socket pig can be described with the following characteristics:
- adult growth of the breed - up to 28 cm,
- the male weighs up to 1,100 grams, the female - 700-900 grams,
- the body is small, streamlined, with the correct proportions,
- the head is triangular, stretched forward, the ears are small and widely set,
- on the face - a pronounced mustache, convex round eyes,
- the shoulders are narrow, so the head smoothly passes into the body,
- the hairs are dense and stiff; a pronounced scallop runs along the spine.
Hair reaches a length of 30-35 mm. In this case, the coat is very thick, a smooth short coat is allowed only in the abdomen. In addition, each whisker should be decorated with long whiskers and a mane between the ears.
Guinea pig with white and red rosettes
The quality and quantity of sockets on the body of pigs is given special attention. The spirals should be with a clear outline, each along the edges surrounds a woolen comb. According to the standard, all sockets must grow from one point. On the body of a guinea pig, they are located as follows:
- In the forearm and on the sacrum, 2 rosettes grow. 4 pieces are located on the back and 2 more on the hind legs. The back of the nose is also hidden by a socket or two.
- The crest around the spiral should be well twisted. If the coat is smooth, the individual is discarded.
- On both sides, along the trunk, the rosettes should be distributed in one line. They grow at the same distance from the sacrum and neck of the guinea pig.
- Sockets on the shoulders are located strictly above the paws. And on the hips they are in the form of an oval. In the sacral area, the spirals should not overlap each other.
- Scallops should be tight and rigid, looking exactly up. At the same time, the males have a stiffer coat than the females; therefore, rosettes are more pronounced.
The final structure and number of twists is estimated in mumps older than 5 months. Up to this age, sockets are still tightly attached to the body, and it is rather difficult to study them.
Important! A purebred individual should have from 8 to 12 outlets. If the mumps has more than 30 spirals after reaching the age of 20 weeks, the individual is rejected.
Top view of outlets
The colors of rosette pigs
The most common color of rosette pigs is a mixture of black or white with a red color. According to the shade prevailing in wool, individuals are light-motley or dark-motley.
There are also rodents of tortoiseshell and roan color, but this is rather rare. In this case, roan color can be the following shades:
- blue - from a mixture of white and dark hairs,
- peach - red hair mixed with white,
- tricolor - black, red and white hairs are mixed on the body.
In addition, there are monophonic individuals of black or red. Also, the hair can be colored in areas: for example, the body is white, and the area of the muzzle is red.
Important! Pets should be allowed to walk outside the cage every day. This allows you to ensure their proper activity and extend their life. Usually pigs live up to 8 years.
The nature and behavior of pigs
Abyssinian pigs are prone to learning everything new around them, they are very curious and active. Representatives of this breed are considered the most restless of rodents. But at the same time they are very shy - they can be frightened by an unexpected movement or a loud sound.
As a rule, society for these rodents is represented by its relatives and owner. The pig-socket behaves with them in completely different ways, the features are presented in the table below.
Table 1. Features of the behavior of guinea pig in relation to other rodents and the owner
|With relatives||With the owner|
In order not to provoke unnecessary clarification of relations, a social group is created of several pigs that get along with each other. It’s not necessary to add new inhabitants to the cage. If someone from the group suddenly began to behave aggressively, the "brawler" is jailed.
Rodents are waiting for the owner from work and respond to his appearance with a joyful squeak. They easily recognize his steps even from afar. After taming, they become gullible and affectionate, like to spend time in their arms. Show their love by licking the hands of the owner.
Guinea pigs like to sit on the owner’s hands and play with other animals
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
Like representatives of any other breed, Abyssinians have their pros and cons. All of them are presented in the table below.
Table 2. Pros and cons of breeding rosette pigs
do not require a large area for living,
pigs are smart, sociable, get along well with children,
non-susceptibility to most diseases.
excessive curiosity: a pig tastes everything from a shoe to electric wires.
Important! If a pet runs around the room freely, it is advisable to remove all wires higher. This will help protect the mumps from injury.
How to care for an Abyssinian mumps?
Representatives of the breed are considered unpretentious rodents, but they also require minimal care for a comfortable life. In his absence, the pet may become ill or become aggressive.
Rosette gray pig
Creating a house
Guinea pigs do not need a lot of space to stay, but it is worth providing a territory for walking. Therefore, the sides of the square cage must be at least 1 meter. In this case, the cell must be filled with everything necessary for a comfortable life, for example:
- a small house or a box where the pig will sleep and hide,
- a bowl of food and a drinking bowl with clean water that needs to be changed regularly,
- nursery with hay and vitamins that can be fixed inside or outside the cage,
- a wheel, ladder or other toys,
- mineral disk for grinding teeth.
The bottom of the cell needs to be covered with a layer of wood chips, a granular filler is also suitable. The toilet is usually located in a corner away from the kitchen.
Important! Weekly it is recommended to completely remove the filler and replace it with fresh. A drinker and bowls for food need to be washed every day.
Abyssinian pigs in a cage
To care for the hair of an Abyssinian pig, you should buy a special comb. The rodent needs to be combed every week. Dead hair will appear on the comb, which must be removed. The procedure is repeated until the dead hairs stop falling out. After combing, the wool is wiped with a damp cloth to remove hair residue and dirt.
Important! For combing, use brushes with fibers from a soft material. Metal or plastic can harm the rodent's delicate skin.
Claw and Ear Care
The claws of a pet should be trimmed periodically. Under natural conditions, they are erased while running, and during life in the cage they can interfere with walking and crash into the pads of the paws. Claws are trimmed using special veterinary scissors.
Ears need to be wiped 1-2 times a week. To do this, you need to buy a special antibacterial agent. It is applied to a clean cotton swab and gently wipe the ear from the inside.
Rosette pig with black wool
Abyssinian rodents are almost omnivorous, like other guinea pigs. As a rule, special compositions from pet stores are used for their feeding. In summer they are supplemented with fresh grass, and in winter - with hay.
In addition, guinea pigs need vitamins. The following products are able to supply them with the body of a rodent:
- fresh fruits and vegetables (given according to the preferences of the rodent, so that it is both healthy and tasty),
- parsley, rose hip, sweet pepper (make up for the lack of ascorbic acid, since the body of rodents does not produce it),
- hard branches (pigs grind their teeth, and their excessive growth does not cause animal discomfort).
The best solution is to buy special food for guinea pigs at the pet store. It contains the entire set of trace elements for the full development of the rodent.
The best feed for guinea pigs
There should always be clean drinking water in the cage. So that it does not stagnate, the drinker is regularly washed and filled with fresh water.
Important! Rosette guinea pigs are very fond of eating, so they are often prone to obesity. Therefore, the owner needs to ensure that the pigs do not overeat.
Guinea pig diet should be balanced
What should not be given to pigs?
Despite the unpretentiousness of pigs in food and an easy feeding process, it is important to remember the list of prohibited foods. Guinea pigs should not be given:
- Chives. Its use can cause poisoning and gastrointestinal upset.
- Cabbage, peas, beans and beans. If given in large quantities, they can threaten diarrhea and bloating.
- Potatoes. It is not absorbed in the body of a guinea pig due to the large amount of starch.
- Radish and radish. Because of the severity, they can threaten inflammation of the mucous tissues.
- Sorrel, rhubarb. These plants contain too much acid that is toxic to the rodent.
- Plums, cherries, apricots and other sweet fruits. Able to provoke severe diarrhea.
- Meat, fish, seafood. Guinea pigs are considered vegetarians, and animal products are not suitable for their body.
- Fried, fatty, smoked, salty. Totally forbidden, like other pets.
You can read more about keeping guinea pigs at home here.
Guinea pig training
Guinea pigs, including Abyssinian ones, can easily be trained. They gladly obey the owner, if he encourages them with his favorite treat. Most rodents can only learn simple commands, but some are more powerful. The most popular training teams are presented in the table below.
Table 3. Teams for training guinea pigs
|Almost any mumps can be taught to approach the owner by the nickname. Training takes place like this:|
1. The pet is placed on a flat surface a meter from the owner.
Such training should be carried out every day, increasing the distance to the animal. So that he learned his name as soon as possible, he should be called more often.
|If the animal is in a good mood and is ready to spend time with the owner, you can begin to teach him a trick. The algorithm will be like this:|
1. The owner raises his favorite treat above the head of the pig.
After several workouts, the outlet will get used to the simple actions and will be happy to carry out the command.
|This trick of the animal is taught in a cage or on the floor during the walk. You need to take a treat in the palm of your hand and carry it in a circle above the muzzle of a rodent. In this case, the owner pronounces the command. To get a treat, the animal will have to reproduce the owner’s movement.|
In the first training, you can train the animal in an incomplete turn. First, at 45 degrees, then at 90, gradually leading to a rotation of 360 degrees.
|A fairly simple team that can be taught to any pig. The owner needs to take a piece of the rodent's favorite treat and put it on his lips. The animal learns food and begins to reach for the owner, after which it will take the treat. The pet needs to be praised and given another piece of goodies. |
After several workouts, the pig will itself reach for the owner.
| ||This trick is more complicated than the rest. Training takes place like this:|
1. The owner sits the pig on a chair, he sits on the floor next to her.
For training to be successful, you need to conduct them regularly.
|Pig can be taught to roll the ball on the floor. To do this, you need a tennis ball and some refreshments of an elongated shape (a strip of carrots or celery). Learning Algorithm:|
1. A treat is laid on the floor, a ball is placed on top. The pet will have to move the ball to get to the feed.
The exercise is repeated every day until the pet starts to fulfill the command implicitly.
|Before practicing with a rodent, you need to find a hoop with a diameter of 25 cm. You can buy it or make it yourself from wire. It will also be convenient to use a tennis racket without a net. The main rule - the inner edge should be without notches.|
The ring is placed rib on the floor in front of the mumps, on the other hand, the owner holds his hand with a treat. After the command "in the ring" the pig is lured, and when it enters the ring, praise and treat. With each workout, the ring is lifted. But the height should not be more than 3 cm.
Teams in the learning process are pronounced in a calm voice, without sharp sounds. Otherwise, the pig will be scared and will not listen to the owner.