The pug breed has a number of problems, including:
- “Walking dandruff” is a skin disease caused by a small tick,
- pug encephalitis,
- nerve degeneration
- corneal ulcers
- pigment keratitis,
- progressive retinal atrophy,
- staphylococcus (infection),
- yeast infection
- deformed vertebrae
- hip dysplasia
- Legg-Perthes disease
- knee dislocation
- sensitivity to vaccination.
Please note that pugs cannot tolerate high temperature and humidity due to their short muzzle (the air cools when passing through the dogs nose and before entering the lungs). When your pug is outdoors, watch him carefully so that there are no signs of overheating.
1. This dog breed snores and snorts, which is a side effect of a flat muzzle. Learn to think of noise as a lullaby.
2. In 1688, the pug dog Pugs became the official dog of the Dutch royal family. A pug named Pompey is depicted on the grave of Prince William of Orange in Delft (Holland).
3. Napoleon’s wife, Josephine, used her pug, nicknamed Fortune, to send secret messages, under the dog’s collar, to her husband when she was in prison in Le Carmé.
4. With their characteristic faces and charming personalities, pugs can be leading stars, such as Otis from the movie “The Adventures of Milo and Otis” and Frank from the movie “Men in Black”.
5. Buddhist monasteries in Tibet kept pugs as pets.
6. Pugs have different names: Lo-sze (China), Mopsi (Finland) and Doguillo (Spain), and in the Netherlands pugs are called "mopshond", which in Dutch means "grunt".
7. There are many theories about the origin of the name “pug”. One story says this is because of the expression on the dog's face, which looks like a monkey. Another theory suggests that the pug’s name is based on the Latin word “pugnus,” which means “fist,” because the dog’s face resembles a clenched fist.
Did you know?
Among the rich and famous fans of the pug breed were: King Louis XIV, Josephine, Empress of Napoleon, Queen Victoria, Duke and Duchess of Windsor and fashion designer Valentino.
- Pugs are friendly to family members, strangers, and other animals.
- Aggressive behavior is completely untypical for them.
- These dogs easily adapt to your lifestyle.
- They are funny and sociable pets.
- Do not need long walks.
- Suitable for inexperienced owners.
- Due to physiological characteristics, it is vital to monitor the temperature regime of pugs.
- They are prone to obesity, so a balanced diet is required.
- The owner needs to carefully monitor their health.
- Pugs are not among the rare dogs, which means you can buy a puppy in almost any city.
Pug - one of those breeds that, thanks to its characteristic appearance, even those who do not consider themselves an expert in dog breeding can easily be recognized. Of course, the modest size and special goodwill do not allow laying on this pet the functions of a reliable guard, but as a true friend for the whole family and a source of positive emotions, the pug is ideal.
Looking at the charming faces of pugs, it is unlikely that anyone today will look for them an "imperial sign" - a certain Chinese character that "folds" the skin folds on the dogs forehead. But for the first owners of pugs from ancient China, this sign was incredibly important. Largely because of him, these ancient dogs received incredible privileges and lived better than most people in the Middle Kingdom.
In China, small dogs with a square body and a wrinkled face were called "Luo Jie", they were kept at the imperial court, and they were also allowed to have aristocrats and high-ranking officials. Cute dogs had their own rooms, their own staff of servants, precious collars, because this breed was considered a symbol of wealth and glory. Lo-jie dogs were presented as an imperial gift to other Asian rulers, therefore they were known in the countries adjacent to China, but dogs came to Europe only at the end of the 16th century.
Pug breed history
Although the pugs are somewhat reminiscent of English bulldogs, boxers and the now extinct bullenbasers from Germany, in fact their roots should be sought in the East. Moreover, it will be necessary to dig deeply, because the first surviving images of short-faced dogs on ancient artifacts and references to them in historical documents date back to the VI – IV centuries BC. The famous ancient Chinese philosopher and politician Confucius speaks of them as satellites of the nobility moving on chariots.
For a long time there was an opinion that another popular Chinese breed came from pugs - the Pekingese. However, genetic studies make it possible to confidently say that family ties are built in the opposite order: long-haired dogs appeared much earlier, their direct ancestors were Lhasa Apso or Chemje Apso, guarding Tibetan monasteries, and pugs are either a cultivated natural mutation, or the result of crossbreeding with others shorthair breeds. Perhaps that is why the Pekingese for centuries were considered exclusively imperial pets. But not everyone could afford to have pugs. It was a privilege of courtiers close to the ruler. The conditions of the miniature doggie were truly royal, they ate much better than most ordinary subjects, often had their own chambers, a servant for walking and personal guard. For attempting to steal such a dog, cruel punishment was imposed, including the death penalty.
Researchers suggest that the first European who happened to see unusual pets of Chinese nobles was the Venetian merchant and traveler Marco Polo, who lived seventeen years in an exotic country for a European. His "colleagues" from Holland and Portugal ended up in the Celestial Empire only two centuries later, during the era of the great geographical discoveries. They brought to their homeland not only silk and spices, but also charming Luo Chiang Jie, who soon renamed it a simpler for pronunciation pronunciation “pug”.
Fortified fawn colors with touching muzzles and large eyes immediately attracted the aristocrats of the Old World. However, they played a special role in the fate of the Netherlands: the vigilance of the faithful Pompey helped Wilhelm the Silent to avoid death by the hands of an assassin in the midst of the war for independence from Spain. Subsequently, the revolutionary leader of the Lower Countries became the founder of the royal Oran dynasty, and the favorite accompanied the owner and, after death, a sleeping dog was expertly carved at the feet of the marble figure of the Dutch founding father on the lid of his sarcophagus. Pugs became a symbol and a living mascot for the heirs of William.
Through their diligence, the dogs got to Britain, where they quickly gained popularity with the local nobility, and later left for the royal courts of continental Europe. Especially for the revival of interest in the breed among the British in the second half of the XIX century, Queen Victoria did, who did not cherish souls in her pets. Then the "British" pugs were taller, leaner, with an elongated face and had an exceptionally light color. But, as a result of the looting of the Beijing Forbidden City during the Second Opium War by officers of the English and French armies, previously unknown black individuals came to the West. The latter are still quite rare and therefore more expensive. In general, pugs are an example of a breed whose popularity is quite stable.
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